Thursday, May 29, 2008

How to Update Hackintosh 10.5.2 to 10.5.3

when you install your hackintosh you get a leopard OS X of a certain version i got mine from uphack iAtkos 10.5.1 yours might be different, check what version you have using the "About" dialog (from the menu bar apple press "About this Mac")

once you know what version you have, and if you have PC_EFI installed (EFI emulation, read here on how to check) Note: if you don't have EFI and Vanilla kernel you will break your system, causing it to constantly reboot, make sure you have vanilla kernel using EFI patch.

Note: when using the none vanilla kernel in iAtkos 1.0i (upgrade) i got these crash screens after updating to Leo4Allv3 Final and restoring user/applications (thanks to my Time MAchine) i successfully managed to upgrade 10.5.3, so check the insanely forum for feed back from people before installing, and of course backup!

lets look at the 10 steps: 

1. first download the update from apple at this address with a size of 531MB. (DO NOT use Software Update it will not work!!)

2. backup your /System/Library/Extensions folder just in case restore is needed

3. open terminal and write these commands:

sudo -s

enter your password and press enter

while sleep 1 ; do rm -rf /System/Library/Extensions/AppleIntelCPUPowerManagement.kext ; done

(this line should not return to prompt since this is a loop script)

it will check every 1 second if a file named: "AppleIntelCPUPowermanagement.kext " is found in the extension folder and when it appears it will delete it, the script will run and not return to prompt (do not kill/close it yet), if you wish to verify it is working, create new folder and rename it to: "AppleIntelCPUPowermanagement.kext " and then copy it to /System/Library/Extensions, it should be immediately deleted

4. install the downloaded package and let it finish

5. when the install end DO NOT press restart yet!

6. now stop the script by pressing control and C (ctrl+C) but do not exit sudo and do not close your terminal or you will not be able to get back and it will brake your system.

7. next you need to edit the apple restart script that checks if this is a hackintosh and decides if to start the system or display and error screen, you will tell the system to load directly to leopard, do this by:

cd /System/InstallAtStartup/scripts

and edit the script named '1'

vi 1

8. now the console will display the content of the file, using arrows scroll down to the end there you will find a line like this near the end:

kextload /System/Library/Extensions/Dont Steal Mac OS X.kext

press I (stands for insert) to enter edit mode

9. delete the value:

/System/Library/Extensions/Dont Steal Mac OS X.kext

and replace it with this value:


press Esc to exit edit mode and press : to enter vi prompt and then write !w (stands for write changes to disk even if file is read only) and press enter, after that press : and write q (stands for quit) and by that you exit the vi.

10. now if you see any changed kext (in the /System/Library/Extensions folder, you can sort by date and see the latest from the update), if you want to change them back to your kext then you may restore them from previous backup step and finally press the Restart button on the install screen.

after restart it will boot to boot screen and perform another restart (without loading the leopard GUI), then it will boot into the blue screen (before login window) and will stay there for 3-4 minutes then the login window will appear and now you have 10.5.3 installed.

check the about dialog should look similar to this:

you should be also seeing the 10.5.3 trademark feature in the "Time Machine" Options:

i couldn't see this change on my "Time Machine" preferences but i have the Software update saying i am up to date and About dialog showing 10.5.3.


Wednesday, May 28, 2008

Leopard 10.5.3 Update available for Mac

Apple released today the 10.5.3 update for leopard, it is available through the system update as a 420M download or via the Apple support site as 10.5.2 update or comboUpdate.

this release is not ready for hackintosh yet, but it will be soon enough, it include several bug fix, Time Machine improvements, Clearer images for Spaces, and some bugfix for other apps like iCal, mail etc.

the complete list of changes and download is available at these links:


Friday, May 23, 2008

Apple OS X Server Admin Tools

if you haven't heard of Leopard Server 10.5.2 then you should know that there is such a release of leopard, a server side, note that there is no distribution yet for OSX86, but you can patch it using the old methods of brazilmac, also you can install some OSX86 release and then open the server dmg and install it (so i heard, never tried it).

but if it is the tools and apps that found on the server (and don't come with client leopard) you are looking for, then you can download the leopard server full version (about 6.5G) and extract the tools using pacifist and run them on your leopard.

apps included in the server release includes:
iCal Server
Podcast producer
Spotlight server
iChat Server
Mail services
Web Hosting

if you are looking for the cool blue aurora desktop image, it can be found here.

also if you would like to control your server from a remote leopard client then download the remote server admin tools, you can get it for free (apple give it away), it can be downloaded from version tracker at this link or directly from apple at this link.

after download has completed mount the dmg, and install the package it will install these tools:
Server Monitor
Server Assistance
Server Admin
Server Preferences
System Image Utility
Workgroup Manager
Xgrid Admin

here are the screenshots:


Friday, May 16, 2008

Install Leopard - Leo4Allv3

this is my second tutorial step by step for leopard installation guide, simply follow the images, if you don't know what to do then use the written explanations, if you are still having problems comment here or use my mail address and i will try to help. also try accessing the first guide located here, perhaps a better explanation can be found there and of course use the troubleshooting menu item in order to solve more complicated situations.

this guide follows the Leo4Allv3 beta it is a Leopard 10.5.2 distribution.

first burn the Leo4Allv3 (beta or final) on a DVD as slow as you can, insert it and boot the computer, first screen you will see is this, press any key:

next you will see a black and white text screen, unlike other distro Leo4All never display the gray apple screen.

after loading you see abeautiful sunset background loading

first screen appears select your install language and press continue arrow

next you see a progress bar screen

and a welcome screen with "More Information" button,

press continue,

accept the license agreement that scrolls down,

next comes the "Select Destination" screen that allow you to select the destination hard drive, if you see a blank screen like this, it means you don't have any suitable hard drive or partition to install on (yet). if you see a hard drive that you want to install on, click on it and press continue, also read on from "Boot Step" images.

next press on the menu item Utilities and select "Disk Utility"

this screen will appear, identify on the left the hard drive you wish to install leopard on, and right click it and press "Erase"

it can be also a partition (not a hard drive) like in this image,

you may also click on the hard drive or partition to select it, and from the center tabs select "Erase" tab

after selecting "Erase" option (ether way) you need to select the "Volume Format" this is the file system you will use, select Mac OS Extended (Journaled),

at the "Name" field enter the name you would like to call that partition, it will be the name at the darwin boot menu, and the Icon of your main HD on the desktop, try not using space, special characters or non-english characters.

next press the "Erase..." button

and again on the "Erase" from the scroll down window, to confirm

notice the progress bar at the lower part it will take about 5 seconds or so,

when the progress bar disappear, choose "Quit Disk Utility" from the "Disk Utility" menu

you will return to the "Select Destination" screen only this time the recently deleted hard drive or partition will appear with the name you entered.

Boot Step:from the Utilities menu select the Terminal menu item and this window will appear,write: fdisk -e /dev/rdiskX where X stands for the hard drive number you are going to install leopard on (starting from 0 as the first drive 1 as the second etc.)

follow the commands written here and appearing in the image (a more detailed explanation can be found here start at point 4 or follow next lines):p and press enterit will display all available partition on the hard drivef  Y and press enterwhere Y stands for the partition number you want to install leopard onu and press enter,w and press enter,if it gives a warning and asks a question like in the image (A Reboot will be required) press Y and press enter,q and press enter (to quit).

next select "Quit Terminal" from the Terminal menu,

at the "Select Destination" screen select continue it will lead you to the Install Summary screen looking like this:

notice the "Customize" button at the lower left corner of the screen,

it allows you to preview and change the packages installed with leopard, at first installation you would like to leave the defaults, if things go wrong you can reinstall and start changing the selected packages, starting with selecting different kernel until it will install correctly, if your after installation the screen looks black the select different Video kext from the "Third Party Drivers", try many combinations until you will nail it.

after pressing done in the Customize screen, and pressing Continue in the Install Summary screen, you will see this progress bar checking the validity of the DVD, (making sure it is legit and every bit is readable), you can press skip if you trust your dvd,

if the dvd is damaged or dirty or not burned correctly then you will eventually get to a screen saying installation failed since the dvd could not be validated looking like this:

if validation is OK then the Installing screen with the progress bar will appear and will take about 10-15 minutes.

at the end of a successful installation you will reach this screen that will count back 25 seconds till reboot, you may press reboot yourself or wait for the timeout to reach and the install will reboot itself

after reboot you will see this screen (note no welcome video, such a shame), press ok

next screen will ask you to press the key next to the left shift, press it once

the screen changes and ask you to press the key next to the right shift key, press it once,

now you will be notified that your keyboard has been identified, press Continue

at the next screen select your country,

if you can't see yours, you may use the lower "Show all" checkbox, it will reveal all countries available,

next select your keyboard second language,(again you may use "Show all")

this screen helps you to upgrade from previous mac (via fire wire, network, or other partition on this mac),

if you don't own previous mac or you don't want to migrate your user home directory then select "Do not transfer my information now" and press Continue,

next screen ask you to select the way you connect to the internet, choose your method or you can leave it for now and install network later,

if you selected an internet connection, then you see this next screen asking you for the parameters, such as IP Address, router address (use the help of your ISP support)

if you supply faulty configuration you will see this scroll down that allow you to press cancel in order to retry entering the data or ok, to continue without internet setup,

next you will be asked to enter your apple ID and password, leave it empty and press Continue,

next screen asks for your registration information, fill what ever you want, please note that if you have internet connection then this data will be used to send registration to apple,

next screen asks you to supply information of where and how you are going to use this mac, i select home and other, and uncheck the "Stay in touch" checkbox,

at the "Create your account" screen you setup a user that will be used to login into this mac, enter your username password and hint and press Continue,

at the next screen select the time-zone by clicking on the world map at your area and tuning using the bottom drop down menu, and press Continue,

last, adjust the clock and time, press "save" and continue,

next screen will remind you not to forget registering your data with apple, (since you are a hackintosh member, please forget), press Done,

and at last you should see your leopard home screen,

there can be many problems along the way, do not forget to use comments and Troubleshooting from the blog menu.


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